Low back pain is often caused by a tear or muscle / ligament tension . This can happen after wearing a heavy object, or making a sudden movement, often a bad back posture during a physical movement is involved.
Most often, mechanical problems and soft tissue injuries are the cause of low back pain. These injuries can include damage to the intervertebral discs, nerve root compression and inappropriate movement of the spinal joints.
Here is a list of what can cause your lower back back pain:
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): infection of the reproductive organs in women, marked by pain in the abdomen, especially during urination of the sexual act.
The disc slipped: you can have a disc slipped in any part of your spine, from the neck to the lower back.
Sciatica: your sciatic nerve starts at the level of the spinal cord, passes through the hips and buttocks, then down along each leg, this nerve is the longest nerve in your body
Kidney stones: solid masses of crystallized calcium or other substances that come from the kidneys, but can pass through the urinary tract
Spinal stenosis: the condition in which the spine narrows and begins to compress the spinal cord. This process is usually gradual
Prostatitis: inflammation of the prostate
Premenstrual syndrome: can cause a wide variety of emotional and physical symptoms
Endometriosis: a disorder in which the tissue that forms the lining of your uterus grows outside your uterine cavity. The lining is called endometrium.
Abscess of the spinal cord, can occur when an infection develops in this one
Ankylosing spondylitis, a form of arthritis that primarily affects your spine. It causes severe inflammation of the vertebrae
Cervical dysplasia: a condition in which healthy cells of the cervix undergo abnormal changes
Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis: a condition that causes pain and inflammation of the prostate and lower urinary tract in humans
Fibromyalgia: a complex disorder with various potential causes, treatments and risk factors
Uterine Prolapse: The uterus is held in place by the pelvic muscles and ligaments. If these are weak, they may no longer support the uterus, which causes prolapse.
Sprains and strains
Scoliosis: abnormal curvature of the spine.
Kyphosis: Disease in which the spine of the upper back has an excessive curvature
Osteoporosis: A bone disease that causes a loss of bone density, which increases the risk of fractures.
Urethritis: a condition in which the urethra, or the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body, becomes inflamed and irritated.
Reactive Arthritis: The type of arthritis triggered by an infection in the body.
Whiplash: occurs when a person’s head recedes and then moves forward very suddenly with great force. This injury is the most common after a car crash.
Spondylolisthesis: A condition of the spine in which one of the lower vertebrae slides forward on the lower bone.
Muscle and ligament sprains
A lumbar sprain can occur suddenly or develop slowly over time as a result of repetitive movements. Tension occurs when a muscle is stretched too deep before tearing, which damages the damage. Sprains occur when excessive stretching affects the ligaments, which connect the bones to each other.
Finally, it does not matter if your muscle or ligament is damaged, the treatment will be the same.
Common causes of this type of sprain are:
moving a heavy object with poor posture
sudden movements that exert too much stress on the lower back (fall for example)
bad posture in time
sports injuries, especially in sports involving torsion or impact forces
Although the sprains do not look serious and usually do not cause lasting pain, the acute pain felt can be very intense.
Lumbar disc herniation
A hernia is defined as the protrusion of an organ or part of an organ (usually the intestine) out of its usual position. A herniated disc is the projection of a portion of an intervertebral disc. Between each of our 24 mobile vertebrae in the spine is an intervertebral disc formed of a fibrous and solid structure that contains a gelatinous nucleus. These discs give flexibility to the column and serve as shock absorbers in case of shock. The gelatinous center of a lumbar disc can pierce the outer layer and come to irritate a neighboring nerve root.
Degenerative Disease of Disks
At birth, the intervertebral discs are filled with water, but with aging, the discs undergo wear and lose moisture.The disc no longer resist forces, and thus transfers these forces to the walls of the disc, which can develop tears and cause pain or weakness (which can lead to hernia). The disc can also collapse and contribute to the stenosis.
This condition results from the wear of the disc and facets. It causes pain, inflammation, instability and even stenosis to a varying degree, and can occur at a single level or multiple levels of the lower spine. Spinal osteoarthritis is associated with aging and progresses slowly. It is also called spondylosis or degenerative joint disease.
This condition occurs when a vertebra slides on the adjacent vertebra. There are 5 types of spondylolisthesis, but the most common are secondary to a pars defect or fracture (between the facet joints) or a mechanical instability of the facet joints (degenerative). The pain can be caused by instability or compression of the nerves.
The curvature of the spine may include scoliosis or kyphosis. Deformity may be associated with lower back pain if it leads to rupture of discs, facet joints, sacroiliac joints or stenosis.
Acute fractures or dislocations of the spine can cause pain. Low back pain that appears after trauma, such as a car accident or a fall, must be assessed medically.
A fracture that occurs in the cylindrical vertebra can cause sudden pain. This type of fracture is the most common because of the weakness of these bones (as with osteoporosis). It is more common in the elderly.
Other less common causes
Although much less common, low back pain can also be caused by:
Infection, also called osteomyelitis , an infection of the spine is rare, but can cause severe pain and can be life-threatening if left untreated. It can be caused by surgery or injections. Patients with weakened immune systems are more likely to develop an infection in the spine.
Tumor, most tumors of the spine start in another part of the body and then metastasize. The most common tumors that spread to the spine begin with breast, prostate, kidney, thyroid or lung cancer. Any new symptoms of back pain in a patient whose cancer diagnosis is known should be evaluated for possible spinal metastasis.
Autoimmune disease. Back pain is a possible symptom associated with autoimmune diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis , rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Crohn’s disease, fibromyalgia and others.