External stimuli cause both physical and psychological reactions in the body. The stress hormone cortisol is released to cope with the situation. This causes the blood pressure to rise and a large amount of energy is provided. In the past, people could use flight or attack to reduce their energy. Today, however, it is usually not possible to escape from a stressful situation. If the stress occurs permanently and can no longer be compensated, it can become chronic.
Other factors include poor nutrition , lack of sleep, lack of exercise, high work intensity, or stress in the family or partnership. On the emotional level, mental stress such as bullying, unfulfillable expectations, or even fears of agitation often result .If these stresses last long and increase in intensity, they lead to the chronic form of stress like in a spiral. The body can no longer handle this state of tension and reacts with renewed stress, anxiety or aggressiveness. However, a genetic predisposition also plays a significant, not negligible role.
Typical symptoms of chronic stress:
The symptoms of chronic stress are very diverse. While acute stress ensures that the body can better fight against pathogens, the chronic form leads to an overall weakening of the human organism. This makes him more susceptible to illness. The hormone cortisol ensures high blood pressure and stubborn muscle tension. Other complaints are fatigue, stomach and intestinal problems , poor concentration, inner restlessness and fatigue.
The symptoms lead to anxiety disorders, depression and a significant weakening of the immune system . Overall, the risk of cardiovascular disease and strokes increases. These transformations of emotional stress into chronic organic diseases are expected consequences.
These include chronic fatigue , weight gain , diabetes and accumulated infections. In addition, the testosterone level decreases, with sexual discomfort and inability being the consequence. The thinking power decreases and there are more and more sleep disorders. These symptoms usually increase the susceptibility to stress and create a vicious circle.